Pilonidal cyst surgery
Basically, pilonidal cysts are inflammations which contain pus and develop in the sacral or coccygeal regions. These areas are situated about several centimeters above the cleft of the buttocks. Literally, pilonidal cysts indicate pain in the butt.
When a person has pilonidal cyst, he would frequently get up on his seat or couch or turns his butt to the other side so that the cyst will not be compressed or further traumatized.
There are several ways of treating a pilonidal cyst. Immediate treatment will not be necessary if a person has only a simple, dimple or sinus tract without inflammation. But if this is not the case, then a consultation with the doctor may be necessary. During consultation, the doctor will prescribe some antibiotics for treating the inflammation and further infection caused by bacteria. In addition, pain relievers are prescribed. However, this is a symptomatic treatment.
A surgical procedure known as incision and drainage is probably the most common form of treatment in order to accurately get rid of the cysts.
Usually, an inflamed pilonidal cyst is an abscess. Thus, incision and drainage may be necessary so that the condition will improve. The procedure is quite simple but going through it is necessary.
Firstly, an anesthetic agent will be administered to the area that is affected. After that, the surgeon will incise the skin with the use of a scalpel for the exposure of the cyst and removal of the hair, pus and other debris of the skin within the cystic formation. When everything has been drained, the surgeon can opt to close the incision or simply leave it unstitched and cover it with gauze. Such procedure may be done even in the outpatient department of a hospital or inside the clinic of the surgeon. Before the procedure is performed, no particular preparations are necessary.
Following surgery, the patient can already leave the clinic the soonest possible time. No further admission to the hospital is necessary because the procedure is really just an outpatient procedure. In order to prevent discomforts during recovery, the patient may be required to take antibiotics, pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Moreover, wound care is an essential aspect during the post-surgical phase. Hence, it is important that the patient and also the caregiver to be given proper instructions on how to perform effective wound care so that recurrence, infection and further complications are prevented, like appendectomy. In order to increase the chances of preventing recurrence, try to keep the area of the wound clean. Also, the sacrococcygeal area must be hair-free. Once packing has been removed, sitz baths are recommended. You do not have to worry about skin marks since in almost all cases; the wound will heal and close on its own.
Complete recovery can take within several days to weeks based on the type of surgery performed. In cases where the wound is closed after the drainage, recovery would be much quicker while in cases where the wound is left open in order to allow the insides to heal first, recovery can take some weeks.